About the FICO Credit Score
Because our world is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
This score is compiled by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, each agency uses the following to calculate a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage in the current environment score 620 or above.
FICO makes a huge difference in interest rates
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Since the score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's hard to change it quickly. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to improve your FICO score, you must get the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO score, offers credit scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call: (408) 626-1879.